Most novice mothers are afraid that their baby will develop a lot of nutrition when they first get pregnant, but they don't know where to start. This becomes a worrying question.
So, is there any principle that the mother-to-be should follow? What are the special considerations for expectant mothers during the pregnancy period when nutrition intake is strengthened?
Special reminder: make good nutritional supplements during the second trimester
Three-stage supplementary nutrition principle
Most pregnant women experience pregnancy reactions such as nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite in the first trimester, and they do n’t eat anything. Under such conditions, how can nutritional intake be guaranteed?
Expectant mothers who are in the first trimester are mostly troubled by pregnancy reactions and have poor appetite. appetite. For greasy, appetizing foods, you do n’t have to eat it.
Nutrition principle 1: The diet of early pregnancy should be light, easy to digest and absorb.
Nutrition principle 2: Pregnant women should choose their favorite food as much as possible.
Nutrition principle 3: In order to ensure protein intake, pregnant women can supplement milk, eggs, beans, and hard nuts.
Nutrition principle 4: Pay attention to intake of folic acid in early pregnancy, because folic acid is related to the development of the fetal nervous system. If you lack folic acid during pregnancy, it is easy to cause defects in the fetal neural tube, such as brainless children or spina bifida, and the chance of cleft lip and jaw is also increased. Many natural foods are rich in folic acid, various green vegetables (such as spinach, lettuce, asparagus, cabbage, cauliflower, etc.), animal liver and kidney, beans, fruits (bananas, strawberries, oranges, etc.), dairy products, etc. Rich in folic acid.
Nutrition principle 5: The supply of vitamins should be sufficient. If the expectant mother's pregnancy reaction seriously affects normal eating, you can add multivitamin tablets as appropriate under the doctor's advice.
Eat according to your appetite, without having to eat more or less. Eating fewer meals and eating as much as possible is the main policy for pregnant women during this period. During this period, if your eating habits change, you don't have to be taboo. Eating some sour food may increase your appetite.
In the second trimester of pregnancy, expectant mothers' appetite gradually improved. At this time, many expectant mothers started large-scale nutritional supplement programs with the persuasion and full cooperation of their families. Not only to make up for the nutrient loss in the previous period, but also to store enough nutrients before the appetite in the third trimester deteriorates.
The second trimester is a period of rapid fetal development, and the expectant mother in the second trimester gains weight rapidly. At this time, expectant mothers must add enough heat and nutrients to meet the needs of rapid growth of themselves and the fetus. Of course, pregnant women cannot eat too much without restriction. Excessive eating will not only cause the expectant mother to be overburdened, but may also cause gestational diabetes.
Nutrition principle 1: meat and vegetables are both available, and the thickness and thickness are matched, and the food variety is diversified.
Nutrition Principle 2: Avoid picky eating and partial eating to prevent the lack of minerals and trace elements.
Nutrition Principle 3: Avoid eating too many fried, greasy foods and sweets (including fruits) to prevent your body from gaining weight too quickly.
Nutrition Principle 4: Pay attention to supplementing iron-rich foods such as animal liver, blood, and beef to prevent iron-deficiency anemia. Vitamin C supplementation can also increase iron absorption.
Nutrition principle 5: Pregnant women's demand for calcium has increased. Eat more foods containing more calcium, such as milk, soy products, shrimp skin and kelp.
Entering the final sprint stage, the storage of nutrients is especially important for mom. A safe, healthy and reasonable diet is a necessary prerequisite for the healthy birth of a fetus. However, some pregnant women who gain weight too fast start to control their diets at the request of doctors. In order to prevent the fetus from growing too large, they have to control their diets.
The last three months are the fastest growing stage of the fetus, and the diet of pregnant women must be of high quality and complete varieties. Because the specific conditions of each pregnant woman are different, the obstetrician usually adjusts the diet of the pregnant woman according to the nutritional characteristics of the third trimester and the specific situation of the pregnant woman.
Nutrition principle 1: Food quality and variety are guaranteed.
Nutrition Principle 2: Properly increase the intake of heat energy, protein and essential fatty acids (eating more sea fish can benefit the supply of DHA), appropriately restrict the intake of carbohydrates and fat (that is, reduce the amount of staple food such as rice and noodles), and eat less Fruit, so as not to overgrow the fetus, affecting the smooth delivery.
Nutrition Principle 3: Increase calcium and iron intake. Regular intake of milk, fish and soy products; shrimp skin, animal liver and blood is high in iron, and should be consumed regularly.
Nutrition Principle 4: Pay attention to control the intake of salt and water to avoid swelling and even cause
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