What is food coloring?
Food coloring, also known as food coloring agent, is an edible substance that colors food and improves the hue and color of food. Before the 10th century, ancient people began to use plant-based natural pigments to color food. Food coloring is divided into artificial food coloring and natural food coloring, artificial food coloring includes carmine and lemon yellow, and natural food coloring includes curcumin and carotene. Food coloring is pleasing to the eyes and stimulates people's appetite, but it may also harm people's health.
Corresponding to people's deepening understanding of the harmfulness of synthetic pigments, natural pigments have received more and more attention.
Unlike synthetic pigments, edible natural pigments are not only non-toxic, but also have certain nutrition and even certain pharmacological effects. At present, the development of natural pigments and the replacement of synthetic pigments with natural pigments have become the development trend of the food and cosmetics industries.
According to reports, there are 97 natural pigments allowed in Japan, occupying 90% of the market share. There are also 48 kinds of natural pigments allowed in China.
However, due to the complex composition of natural pigments, the structure may change during processing, or impurities may be mixed in, so it cannot be blindly considered to be absolutely pure and harmless. However, it should be affirmed that modern production, management, analysis tests, and process improvements can reduce the adverse effects of synthetic pigments and natural pigments to a level that can be used safely. As long as both synthetic and natural pigments are used in strict accordance with national regulations, pigments will bring joy and joy to our people, and our world will become more beautiful.